Rule 1: Hyphens are always used when two adjectives modify each other and NOT the noun. Check out her New York Times best-seller, “Grammar Girl’s Quick and Dirty Tips for Better Writing.”. The Chicago Manual of Style does not use a hyphen, but some other style guides do. Bundle. The word that describes someone you work with is one of the words that can go either way. However, if you were required to follow the 16th edition of the Chicago Manual of Style, you would be better served by writing coworker. A hyphen (-) is a punctuation mark that’s used to join words or parts of words. How to Wish Someone Well in 2021. Writing, grammar, and communication tips for your inbox. The hyphen should not be confused with dashes, which are longer and have different uses, or with the minus sign, which is also longer in some contexts. The Texas Law Review Manual of Style says this about creating a compound word: “When two or more words are combined to form a modifier immediately preceding a noun, join the words by hyphens if doing so will significantly aid the reader in recognizing the compound adjective” (20). Here are some correct hyphenation examples: Compass Points: northeast, but east-northeast (hyphen is included with three directions, but not with two) These hyphenated phrases are called compound modifiers. In many cases, especially in American usage, non-is joined without a hyphen. 5. This is the case with co-worker and coworker. anti-theft. round-trip. Don't hyphenate a predicate adjective (an adjective that complements the subject of a sentence and follows a linking verb) unless the Microsoft Writing Style Guide specifically recommends it. Hyphens are often used in compound words either to show that when the included words are together they have a combined meaning, or to show the relationship between the included words. Resist the temptation to hyphenate any word that starts with a prefix: Write coauthor, not co-author Write nonviolent, not non-violent Write reedit, not re-edit. English is full of pesky little quandaries that sometimes make it very frustrating to learn and use. Compound words may be written as two separate words (e.g., health care), one hyphenated word (e.g., self-esteem), or one solid word (e.g., caregiver). The hyphen is a punctuation mark used to join words and to separate syllables of a single word. Hyphens are a difficult tool for many writers to master. If a compound adjective can be misread, use a hyphen. Generally, you hyphenate a phrase when it’s modifying another word and appears before the word it is modifying. This is called a compound adjective. custom-built: I will get a custom-built computer for you. If the hyphenated word in your title or heading starts with a prefix that isn’t a standalone word (e.g., pre, non, de), lowercase the second word. Hyphenate two adjectives united to modify a noun: “a well-trained writer.” But do so only … For example, if your publisher or college follows the AP Stylebook, you should use the hyphen—co-worker is prefered by the AP. However you spell it, co-worker is a noun that always means the same thing: You have been successfully subscribed to the Grammarly blog. I prefer the hyphen with “co-worker” because without it, I always initially think the word is “cow-workers.”. And co-working is not immune to it either, so you’ll have to check with your style guide before using that word as well: Many viruses are memory-resident. Use a hyphen in a compound modifier when the modifier comes before the word it’s modifying. —The Independent, “A pre-taped segment showed Witherspoon and her co-workers complaining about their boss, with one colleague having far more substantial quibbles.” Hyphenated Compound Words: Sentence Examples . Example (maybe not the best example, but you get the point): She is a nice fat fish. However, if you were required to follow the 16th edition of the Chicago Manual of Style, you would be better served by writing coworker. 5 Writing "Rules" That Are Really Guidelines, Tone vs. (For example, nonbaseball is relatively common, but noncricket, referring to a primarily British sport, is rare.) One such class consists of a few words that require a hyphen to distinguish them from other words that would otherwise be homographs, such as recreation (fun or sport) versus re-creation (the act of creating again), retreat (turn back) versus re-treat (give therapy again), and un-ionized (not in ion form) versus unionized (organized into trade unions). Hyphens in Prefixes A prefix is a half word (e.g., anti-, ex-, post-, pre-) placed before a word to modify its meaning. run-in. Quick Guidelines for Using Hyphens "The use of hyphens in compounds and complex words involves a number of different rules, and practice is changing, with fewer hyphens present in contemporary usage. The AP Stylebook editors announced they are dropped the hyphen from “3D” and “Walmart,” and Merriam-Webster lexicographer Peter Sokolowski announced the dictionary is dropping the hyphen from the words “copyediting” and “goodbye.” They even had pins that said “Goodbye hyphen” (with “goodbye” spelled without the hyphen. Anti-trash and Pro-turtle Alliances Worked Together to Clean the Park. Associated Press writers, New York Times writers, and New Yorker writers go out to lunch with their co-workers (hyphenated), but Chicago Manual of Style editors go to the co-op with their coworkers (unhyphenated, but they do hyphenate “co-op” because of the double O). Hyphens Between Words Rule 1. high-spirited. brother-in-law. good-looking: He is a good-looking boy. No hyphen because you can take out the word “fat” and it still makes sense. accident-prone: It is an accident-prone area, please be careful. well-known: Gandhi is a well-known personality. How to De-stress in Five Steps For example, compound words may be written as separate words ( post box ), hyphenated ( post-box ) or written as one word ( postbox ). Words starting with CO CO co-author co-defendant co-ed co-educate co-occur co-occurrence co-occur with co-op Co-operative Republic of Guyana co-opt co-optation co-option co-ordinate co-respondent co-sign co-star co-worker CO2 coach coach-and-four coachbuilder coaching coaching job coachman coachwhip coachwhip snake coach dog coach horse In general, follow the hyphenation shown in the Merriam-Webster.com Dictionary and the APA Dictionary of Psychology to determine how to spell and hyphenate words in APA Style papers. General Principle 2 In a temporary compound that is used as an adjective before a noun, use a hyphen if the term can be misread or if the term expresses a single thought (i.e., all words together modify the noun). Find more similar words at wordhippo.com! Don’t play the … Compounding is obviously in a state of flux, and authorities do not always agree in all cases, but the uses of the hyphen offered here are generally agreed upon. For example, if your publisher or college follows the AP Stylebook, you should use the hyphen— co-worker is prefered by the AP. A person with whom someone is working, usually on the same job and the same level in the company hierarchy: Mignon Fogarty is the founder of Quick and Dirty Tips and the author of seven books on language, including the New York Times bestseller "Grammar Girl's Quick and Dirty Tips for Better Writing." nobody in the coworking industry hyphenates it, they can both join words or word parts, like they do with co-worker, and separate words, the general trend is away from using hyphens, Grammar Girl’s Quick and Dirty Tips for Better Writing, Grammar Girl's Quick and Dirty Tips for Better Writing. —The Miami Herald. For questions of hyphenation not covered here, refer to the Webster's New World College Dictionary , Fourth Edition (1999). The use of hyphens is called hyphenation. able-bodied. For example, if you are referencing two people who are in a relationship but live on different sides of the country, you would call that a long-distance relationship. —Huffington Post, “Coworkers would spend weeks at a time on the narrow waterway that snakes between the Grand Canyon’s towering walls, cut off from cellphone service and most signs of civilization and with no one to interact with but each other.” The long, complicated words are not the issue here—as long as there’s a definitive answer about how they’re spelled. But even though you can be pretty sure that you’ll be understood whether you hyphenate or not, on some occasions, simply being understood is not enough. —Billboard, “One of the most memorable episodes of “Friends,” Season 5’s “The One with Ross’s Sandwich,” deals with Ross’s unrequited love for a turkey sandwich that gets eaten by a coworker.” There are different types of compound words and you don’t need to use hyphens in all of them. A compound word is a word that is made up of two or more other words. high-rise Hyphenated Words. Garners’s Modern English Usage says that British English is more accepting of hyphens than American English, but the general trend is away from using hyphens, which you’ll quickly notice if you read old books. These co-workers don’t have to work together in the sense of belonging to the same company; all they have to do is share the same space (and the same issue with hyphenation). The “if” clause in that sentence is the tricky part. Whether to use a hyphen in "coworker" (or "co-worker") is a matter of style. You may need both a style guide and a good dictionary to get answers about hyphens. The rules about hyphens are often more like guidelines. You can hyphenate this compound word if you’d like, or you can write as a single, unhyphenated word. Hyphenated words list. Use a hyphen to join two or more words serving as a single adjective before a noun: In addition there is a list of Words that end with hyphen, words that contain hyphen, and Synonyms of hyphen. If you find yourself repeatedly looking up words, it helps to keep your own list of how to write potentially hyphenated words. ), That’s your Quick and Dirty Tip: Although in general, fewer and fewer English words are hyphenated with each style guide and dictionary update, most style guides still recommend hyphenating “co-worker,” except The Chicago Manual of Style, which writes it as one closed up word: “coworker.”, Mignon Fogarty is Grammar Girl and the founder of Quick and Dirty Tips. An interesting way to think about hyphens is that they can both join words or word parts, like they do with co-worker, and separate words, like they do when a long word falls at the end of the line and you use a hyphen to break it apart. —Observer, “A bigger hurdle may be the reality that, faced with the transient nature of co-working, many spaces have struggled to make ends meet.” —The Guardian, “But over the past years, a new breed of high-end co-working spaces have been cropping up in Sydney designed with hotel-like amenities and luxurious fit-outs.” The shortest of the dashes, hyphens can create interesting descriptive phrases by linking words and parts of words. If you’re not sure whether a compound word has a hyphen or not, check your preferred dictionary. FREE (9) Popular paid resources. See the problem? No, what we’re dealing with here are words that have multiple correct spellings—unless you have to follow a certain style manual. Quick & Dirty Tips™ and related trademarks appearing on this website are the property of Mignon Fogarty, Inc. and Macmillan Publishing Group, LLC. Check the A–Z word list to find out. Some noun compounds are hyphenated: brother-in-law ex-president follow-up one-half well-being 18-year-old co-relation; coexistence; co-branding; co-locate; copilot; coincidental; coeducation; coeternity; co-fusion; coeternal EnglishGCSEcouk A Christmas Carol Adjectives. If you need to turn in a paper for college, or an article for publication, you need to write in the style that’s expected of you. Generally, hyphenate two or more words when they come before a noun they modify and act as a single idea. The prefix non-may be joined to a word by means of a hyphen, which is standard in British usage. Some words aren’t hyphenated, even though you may think they should be. We search a large scrabble dictionary for scrabble words starting with hyphen - we take the letter or word you enter, and generate all words starting with Hyphen. Examples The text is left aligned. co-operate: we should co-operate with our teammates. She has appeared as a guest expert on the Oprah Winfrey Show and the Today Show. It’s not interchangeable with other types of dashes. “As millennials flock to major cities and the number of U.S. freelancers shoots up, the popularity of coworking has grown as well.” Usually, you can find these phrases in the dictionary, which will let you know whether or not to hyphenate. Having said that there are many exceptions. She is an inductee in the Podcasting Hall of Fame, and the show is a five-time winner of Best Education Podcast in the Podcast Awards. The camera is built in. Here are two rules to help you find the more common ones: 1) use a hyphen before a capitalized word or a numeral (pre-Columbian, post-1970) Exception 1: Hyphenated Words with Prefixes in Titles and Headings. —Business Insider Australia. Synonyms for hyphen include slash, -, dash, minus sign, bond and horizontal bar. Hyphens. Her popular LinkedIn Learning courses help people write better to communicate better. Most prefixed words can be written with or without a hyphen after the prefix. An interesting way to think about hyphens is that they can both join words or word parts, like they do with co-worker, and separate words, like they do when a long word falls at the end of the line and you use a hyphen to break it apart. Found 15952 words that start with co. Browse our Scrabble Word Finder, Words With Friends cheat dictionary, and WordHub word solver to find words starting with co. Or use our Unscramble word solver to find your best possible play! That is, both words modify fish. Some words formed with a prefix are always hyphenated.For example: 1. self-employed 2. pro-family 3. anti-aircraftWith some prefixes, a hyphen is not necessary but is preferable to help with pronunciation, avoid a double vowel, or stop a word looking odd.For example: 1. co-ordinate 2. re-enter 3. de-ice —Forbes, “The Artist Co-op, which is planning a pop-up coworking space starting today, hopes to eventually become a full-fledged sort of WeWork for artists of various stripes.” high-tech. In both cases, your spelling would be deemed as correct by some and incorrect by others. With the growing popularity of “co-working spaces,” the word co-worker adopted another meaning—a person working at a co-working space. Copyright © 2021 Macmillan Publishing Group, LLC. Hyphens are very useful. ill-timed. The AP tends to defer to how words are used within their own industries though, and even though they hyphenate “co-worker,” they don’t hyphenate “coworking” because nobody in the coworking industry hyphenates it. Name: Date: Prefixes with hyphens When a prefix ends with the same letter that the base words begins with, a hyphen is normally used. A list of words that start with Hyphen (words with the prefix Hyphen). If you’re using Merriam-Webster as your source of information, you’d only use the unhyphenated version. Here's how to use them correctly. There was a bit of hyphen news at the American Copy Editors Society meeting last week too. “Researchers from the University of Bonn found some people with psychopathic traits are seen by co-workers as quite helpful and co-operative.” Mood: How to Use Tone and Mood in Your Writing, Beware of These Common Consistency Issues in Writing, Happy New Year, New Year’s, or New Years? If your point of reference is the Oxford Dictionary, you would hyphenate when writing in British English, and not hyphenate when writing in American English. Examples: Dry-cleaning Daughter-in-law Editor-in-chief Mother-in-law One-half no-one: no-one came to see us. They are often used between two words to form hyphenated compounds and within words when using some prefixes.. Coworker is one such word.The prefix co­- is often used with a hyphen.Consider the words, Co-owner; Co-designer; Co-conspirator; While some writers include the hyphen in co-worker, others omit it to form coworker. They can be used to link two words together, so the word or phrase makes sense and doesn’t confuse the reader. Commonly Mis-hyphenated Words Following is a list of compounds (hyphened, single words or two separate words) that frequently cause disagreement. For example, “percent,” “fingernail,” and “windowpane” used to be written with hyphens, and now they’re not. 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