The Sustainable Livelihood framework approach is a comprehensive method for determination of food insecurity and poverty at household level. Devereux, S. (2000). A mixed research approach was employed to triangulate concurrently collected data through household survey, key informant interviews and focus group discussions. Determinants of Food Security among Rural Households of Central Ethiopia: An Empirical Analysis. The Journal of Development Studies. 12(1), pp. To enhance the adoption of household livelihood diversification strategies and to improve the livelihood of the smallholder farmers in the study area as a result, the study recommends the following: (1) government should recognize and support non-farm livelihood diversification strategies as part of the national job creation objectives instead of solely … Lavers, T. (2012). 4. Acta Geographica-Trondheim: Geografisk Institutt, NTNU, pp. 37. Young, H., Jaspars, S., & Brown R., Frize J., Khogali, H. (2001). (2015). Determinants of Households Vulnerability to Food Insecurity in Ethiopia: Econometric analysis of Rural and Urban Households. The risk due to shocks and stresses can be overcome and withstood if people have better flexibility and choice in their livelihood diversification strategies in 16 . Gathiaka, J.K., Muriithi, M. K. (2013). Yizengaw, Y. S., Okoyo, E. N., & Beyene F. (2015). The Role of Off- And Non-Farm Activities In Achieving Sustainable Rural Livelihoods Security In Gubalfto District, North Wollo Zone, Amhara Region, Ethiopia. (2010). A mixed research approach was employed to triangulate concurrently collected data through household survey, key informant interviews and … livelihood strategies identified (i. e. ‘three food crops, coffee and khat’, ‘three foodcrops and khat’, ‘two food crops, coffee and khat’, ‘two food. 35. Your recently viewed items and featured recommendations, Select the department you want to search in. 5(5), pp. FAO, WFP and IFAD. Thus, a thorough understanding of alternative livelihood strategies of pastoral households and communities is crucial in any attempt to bring the improvement of livelihood. Agriculture & Food Security. 19. Determinants of farm household food security in Hawi Gudina district, West Hararghe zone, Oromia Regional National State, Ethiopia. (2009). 12-18. We conducted a survey in southwestern Ethiopia and used principal component and cluster analyses. Nonfarm Income Diversification and Household Livelihood Strategies in Rural Africa: Concepts, Dynamics and Policy Implications. 9(12), pp. Experiments and survey results were used to examine the relative importance of risk preference and socio‐economic characteristics for households' decision to engage in specific livelihood strategies in rural Ethiopia. 51(9), pp. Degefa, T. (2002). ASC Working Paper 43. (2014). Journal of International Development. Rural Livelihood Strategies and Household Food Security of Farmers Surrounding Derba Cement Factory, Oromia Region, Ethiopia December 2018 Rural Sustainability Research 40(335):2-17 (2014). 26(4), pp. Journal of Rural Development. 3. Download one of the Free Kindle apps to start reading Kindle books on your smartphone, tablet, and computer. Sosina, B., Barrett, C. B., & Holden, S. T. (2012). 44. 33. 39(1), pp.105-132. 1(19), pp. 20. Gebru, W. G., Ichoku, H., & PhilEze, O. World Food Summit 16-18 November 2009. 1634–1646. the role of rural livelihood diversification strategies for Moreover; livelihood diversification is believed to be a household food security in southern Ethiopia with solution, and an effective strategy for the reduction of … 6. Food Security in Ethiopia, pp, 1-16. 1-16. ASC Working Paper 43. Humanitarian practice network paper. 2. . 5-14. Why does food insecurity persist in Ethiopia? . 1. Households combine capital assets in a process involving human agency and resourcefulness to construct... Introduction. However, identification of the numerous factors that determine the abilities of rural household’s choice of livelihood strategies in Ethiopia has received little attention despite its increasing threat over the poor. 46-55. (2009). National Population and Housing Census. Trends, challenges and prospects of food security in Ethiopia. Asmah, E. (2011). Evidence from a panel data study in Ethiopia. Barrett, C. B., Reardon, T., & Webb, P. (2001). 50. Abstract. Establishment of 5,600 TPD Greenfield Cement Project And Operation Of Captive Mines Near Derba Village, Oromia Regional State, Federal Democratic Republic Of Ethiopia. New Delhi: Sage Publications Inc., pp. Social sciences. London, UK: Overseas Development Institute, pp. Ethiopia: Building on progress. 4-17. (2014). 8(2), pp. Rural poverty report: New realities, new challenges: new opportunities for tomorrow’s generation. Gesese, S., Ignatious, M. (2012). Acta Geographica-Trondheim: Geografisk Institutt, NTNU, pp. Woller, G. (2009). Measuring diet quantity and quality dimensions of food security in rural Ethiopia. Carswell, G. (2002). contribution to household income and serves as Therefore, the objective of the study is to investigate household’s livelihood diversification strategies [14]. However, identification of factors that determine the abilities and willingness of rural household's choice of livelihood strategies in Ethiopia have received little attention. 26. Jemal, A., & Kyung-Ryang K. (2014). 36. Rather this consists in maintaining over time a diversified portfolio of activities and in adjusting it according to contingencies in order to maximize return, spread risk, or achieve other household goals (see below). 50. This study used both qualitative and quantitative Determinants of household food security in rural Ethiopia: An Empirical Analysis. The rural non-farm economy, livelihood strategies and household welfare. Livelihood diversification is defined as the process by which rural families construct a diverse portfolio of activities and social support capabilities in order to survive and to improve their standards of living. This study examined the livelihood strategies and food security situation of rural households around Derba Cement Factory by taking a randomly selected sample of 215 heads of farm households from three rural kebeles. Evidence from Southern Ethiopia. Improving the Analysis of Food Insecurity Food Insecurity Measurement, Livelihoods Approaches and Policy: Applications in FIVIMS. 23. London: Overseas Development Institute, pp. 40(8), pp. (2012). Sosina, B., Barrett, C. B., & Holden, S. T. (2012). Deitchler, M., Terri, B., & Swindale, A., Coates, J. (2011). 14(n), pp. 1998-2013. 14. Washington, DC: Food and Nutrition Technical Assistance II Project (FANTA-2) FHI 360. 40. Livelihood strategies, capital assets, and food security in rural Southwest Ethiopia Abstract. DMC. In, pp.2-6. 20. Food Policy. CSA. While mixed farming was found to be the mainstay of the household economy, small-scale irrigation and extracting forest products were also used as supplementary economic activities. Sululta District Rural and Agricultural Development Office. (2010). 315-331. It is important to commit a limited resource available for pastoral development based on new assumption about the rural poor and their livelihood strategies [9, 10]. Southern Ethiopia Bayisa Bussa *, Kotola Feleke Department of Natural Resources Management, Bule Hora University, Bule Hora, Ethiopia Email address: *Corresponding author To cite this article: Bayisa Bussa, Kotola Feleke. By keeping the capability to operate Household Food Security; A Conceptual Review. (2018). 3. Yizengaw, Y. S., Okoyo, E. N., & Beyene F. (2015). 15. Journal of Economics and Sustainable Development. Addis Ababa, Ethiopia, pp. MoFED (Ministry of Finance and Economic Development). Agriculture, income diversification, and pastoralism have been the dominant livelihood strategies in the rural parts of Ethiopia. Washington, DC. Rome: FAO. 25. 17. In Ethiopia, most of the studies conducted identify three rural livelihood diversification strategies: on farm, nonfarm and off farm (Mengistie and Kidane, 2016; Debele and Desta, 2016; Gecho, 2017; Kassie et al., 2017; Teklu et al., 2017; Yona and Mathewos, 2017; Ofolsha and Mansingh, 2015; Dadi, 2016; Asfir, 2016; Addisu, 2017; Yizengaw et al., 2015). 9. 1-16. This study examined the livelihood strategies and food security situation of rural households around Derba Cement Factory by taking a randomly selected sample of 215 heads of farm households from three rural kebeles. 38. and livelihood strategies of rural youth in Africa. Livelihood and Food Security Conceptual Framework. 5. 24. MoFED (Ministry of Finance and Economic Development). A Human Development and Capability Approach to Food Security: Conceptual Framework and Informational Basis. 8(46), pp. The human welfare and resource outcomes of rural livelihood strategies were assessed, accounting for the “mediating” factors. Benedict, A.O. Sub-Saharan Africa Betwixt and Between: Rural Livelihood Practices and Policies. The People – Food Predicament in Africa: The Quest for Food Security. Goshu, D., Kassa, B., & Ketema, M. (2013). (2014). 28. 43. Rural Livelihood Diversification In Sub-Saharan Africa: A literature review. The Journal of Peasant Studies. Determinants of farm household food security in Hawi Gudina district, West Hararghe zone, Oromia Regional National State, Ethiopia. 789–804. (2016). De-Agrarianisation and Rural Employment Network, pp.1-6. 2nd ed. 30. (2018). Household Seasonal Food Insecurity in Oromiya Zone, Ethiopia: Causes, Social Science Research Report Series, No.26, OSSREA, Ethiopia, Addis Ababa, pp. African Journal of Agricultural Research. (2014). (2009). Are rural livelihoods resilient in Hararghe, East Eastern Ethiopia? Measuring diet quantity and quality dimensions of food security in rural Ethiopia. You're listening to a sample of the Audible audio edition. Surveys and key informant interviews (KII) were sources of data. The determinants and effects of diversification in the areas of poverty, income distribution, farm output and gender are examined. The general objectives of this study are, therefore, to characterize the existing livelihood strategies adopted by pastoral … Analyzing Food Security Using Household Survey Data. 55-68. Agrekon, 48 (4), pp. crops and khat’,and‘one food crop, coffee and khat’) Independent variables Sum of squares Degrees of freedom F value P value. (2003). © 2008-2020, Amazon.com, Inc. or its affiliates. Loison, S.A. (2015). 92-104. 4(16), pp. The role of local nonfarm activities and migration in reducing poverty: evidence from Ethiopia, Kenya and Uganda. •Access to agricultural land key to livelihood •By law, rural residents of Ethiopia have a right to obtain agricultural land for free •But there is already significant land scarcity in the highlands, especially in Southern Ethiopia •Small farm size (Average holding in Ethiopia … 49 (4), pp. Annual. 33. Devereux, S., Baulch, B., & Hussein K., Shoham, J., Sida H., Wilcock, D. (2004). Research Design Qualitative, Quantitative and Mixed Methods Approaches. 2005. The carrying capacity of pure pastoralist livelihood strategies only to attain food and livelihood security is extremely declining from time to time. 43. 6. 3(3), pp. Ocho, F., Yadessa, G., & Abdissa, F. M., Bekele, A. E. (2017). . The relationship b/n rural households’ livelihood strategies and food security status depicted that majority of food secured households (62%) rely on farming alone as one of most important livelihood strategies. 11. No.5. Overall, households with multiple livelihood strategies had diverse food entitlements to maintain sustainable food consumption. (2012). 49. The hypothesis of this thesis was that rural villagers need to have certain amount of coping strategies to be resilient towards food insecurity. 18. 1-7. . Agriculture and Food Security. 41. Beyene, F., Muche, M. (2010). Burchi, F., De Muro, P. (2012). 1. 47. Land grab’ as development strategy? De-Agrarianisation and Rural Employment Network, pp.1-6. The role of local nonfarm activities and migration in reducing poverty: evidence from Ethiopia, Kenya and Uganda. Nonfarm IFAD. 8. African Journal of Agricultural Research. (2003). Paramitta, P. (2013). 3(7), pp. Loison, S.A. (2015). Addis Ababa: MoFED. 28. Working Paper 2012-009: United Nations Development Programme, Retrieved November 11, 2017 from http://www.undp.org/content/dam/rba/docs/Working%20Papers/Capability%20Approach%20Food%20Security.pdf. The objective of this study was to determine the livelihood strategies and the coping mechanisms used by rural households in Abela Lida PA, Shebedino district, Southern Ethiopia. Gemechu, F., Zemedu, L., & Yousuf, J. about 57% of the sample households found to be food insecure. African Security Review. Validation of a Measure of Household Hunger for Cross-Cultural Use. 25. Livelihood diversification is commonly accepted as the promising strategy to escape from such type of shocks and to transform the rural economy. 20-31. Washington, DC: Food and Nutrition Technical Assistance II Project (FANTA-2) FHI 360. , pp, 1-16. Livelihood strategies of the rural poor in Ethiopia: Households Poverty, Livelihood strategies and factors affecting livelihood choice in rural Ethiopia: Huluka, Tessema Abate, Hamda, Hussien, Tesfaye, Teklu: 9783639127812: Books - Amazon.ca 26. Poverty, Food Insecurity and Livelihood strategies in Rural Ethiopia: The experiences of Gedeo farmers in SNNPR: Case studies of two rural villages: Woldeamanuel, Shumete Gizaw: 9783848411221: Books - Amazon.ca 17. Livelihood strategies are at the centre of development. World Development. (2003). Food Security and Livelihood Assessments: A Practical Guide for Field Workers Technical Department of Food Security and Livelihoods. Working Paper 2012-009: United Nations Development Programme, Retrieved November 11, 2017 from. Goshu, D., Kassa, B., & Ketema, M. (2013). The study focuses on one of the most densely populated rural areas on the continent in a country where agriculture has been consid-ered the mainstay and livelihood for all rural residents. The political economy of agricultural investment in Ethiopia. 32. Livelihood strategy 25.82 4 2.66 0.032*. Analysis of Rural Households Livelihood Strategies in Western Ethiopia: Sani, Seid: Amazon.sg: Books Rome. 24. 341-354. On the contrary, non-farming and off-farming activities Ellis, F., Freeman, H.A. Helping Africa to Feed Itself: Promoting Agriculture to Reduce Poverty and Hunger. 1-9. Devereux, S., Baulch, B., & Hussein K., Shoham, J., Sida H., Wilcock, D. (2004). Gemechu, F., Zemedu, L., & Yousuf, J. , F., Yadessa, G., & Yamano, T., Kijima, Y., Ayele,,! & Yamano, T. ( 2012 ), No.26, OSSREA, Ethiopia Addis..., capital assets, and other human activities are activities, which directly... F. M., rural livelihood strategies in ethiopia, A. E. ( 2017 ) Nations Development Programme, April. 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